History of Raichur

The Raichur District has always been the home of legend and history in India. It is a region between Tungabhadra and Krishna. It is more known as the Doab of Deccan. Historically speaking, Raichur District has three main stages. The first stage is the prehistoric of the stone age. The second stage is the prehistoric with special richness as depicted in the Mahabharata and Ramayana. The third and last stage if the historic that overlaps the proto-historic from the days prior to the advent of Buddha.

Over the centuries, Raichur District has acquired a prosperous history. The district had been a part of various empires that include the Mughal, Vijayanagara, Bahmanis, Chalukyas, and Mauryas kings. It became popular for its imposing Raichur Fort, where stone inscriptions are reflected in Arabic and Persian languages. The stone inscriptions belong to the stronghold of the Fort, which was constructed in 1294 by Kakatiya king Rudra. Among the remains of the Fort are the temples and the tanks.

The Raichur Fort was passed on to the Vijayanagar dynasty after the fall of the Kakatiyas dynasty. Since then, the fort had been under disagreement for almost two centuries. But in 1323, the Raichur Fort was captured by the Bahmanis.

From the epigraphical point of view, the Raichur District is rich as well. Hundreds of inscriptions are yielded ranging from the period of Mauryan up to the end of Muslim period. These inscriptions come in various languages that include Kannada, Prakrit, Sanskrit, Persian, and Arabic. Most of these inscriptions belonged to all dynasties that ruled over Dekkan. The most important places from this point of view are the Raichur, Mudgal, Kuknur, Koppal, and Maski.

Raichur District was a former part of the Hyderabad State until the state went through a re-organization in November 1, 1956. As far back as the 3rd Century B.C., the history of the Raichur District had been traced. There are three minor rock statutes of Ashoka that are found in district of Maski and near area of Koppal. These rock statutes had proven the domination of the great Mauryan King Ashoka between 273 and 236 B.C. During the early years of the Christian time, Raichur District was a part of the Kingdom of the Satavahanas.

During the third and fourth centuries A.D., the Vakatakas had reigned over the Raichur District. Vakatakas appeared to be included among the Kadamba dominions. The next dynasty that ruled over Raichur District was the Chalukyas of Badami. From the inscription of Aihole, Pulikeshi II had occupied the district and made it a province under his empire after he defeated the Pallavas. As a province, Raichur District was governed by Adityavarma, son of Pulikeshi II.

The battle of Raichur had not gained any far-reaching effects. The victory of the Hindu had weakened the prestige and power of the Adil Shah who had focused his attention in making alliances with other neighboring Muslim countries.

Today, the Raichur District is centralized market and administrative center for chilies, pulses, cotton, sorghum, and sesame. The district has nearby iron and copper mines. The areas surrounding the district were once frequent battlegrounds for early history of India.

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